Pathology Testing

pathology testing
Without a shadow of doubt Maria Harpas saved my life! I was one messed up cookie before I sought her guidance. And now I couldn’t feel or look better! She is worth her weight in gold! I highly recommend her services to anyone seeking a healthier life. Rachel

In House Testing

Interpretation of results is conducted by giving careful consideration to the relationship between the various results, as well as understanding their strengths and limitations. We take into account certain factors, such as; diet, stress levels, gender, age and if relevant, pregnancy and lactation. Our ability to contextualize your results allows us to formulate a highly individualised assessment with a more targeted treatment.
Most interpretation is facilitated using laboratory tests, however we also use in-house testing, as this can be a useful and is easily completed as part of your appointment. These tests are also used as a convenient way of assessing progress in following consultations. Below are some of the tests that may be done.

 

COMING SOON

Below is a list of our current in house testing

NOTE: There is no extra charge for in house testing

Blood Glucose

This test provides information on the concentration of glucose in the blood. Diabetics and pre-diabetics will show an elevated reading. Glucose is elevated after eating and lowest in the fasting state, therefore results are evaluated accordingly.

REQUIREMENTS PRIOR TO TESTING

minimum 2 hours of fasting (water is permitted)

PROCEDURE

finger prick blood test

Cholesterol

Cholesterol is required for the production of steroids, sex hormones, bile acids and cellular membranes. Whilst testing for cholesterol is commonly used to identify cardiovascular risk, readings can provide an insight (along with other tests) about other illnesses, as the liver metabolizes cholesterol. This test provides a total cholesterol reading (elevated levels will be referred for a lipid profile)

REQUIREMENTS PRIOR TO TESTING

no fats to be ingested 6 hours prior to testing

PROCEDURE

finger prick blood test

Triglycerides

Triglycerides are a form of fat in the bloodstream. Produced in the liver, it acts as a storage source for energy. High levels in the blood are deposited in the fatty tissues. High levels may be due to poorly controlled diabetes, nephrotic syndrome, familial hypertriglyceridemia, glycogen storage disease, hypothyroidism or chronic renal failure. Low levels may suggest malabsorption syndrome, malnutrition, hyperthyroidism or abetalipoproteinemia.

REQUIREMENTS PRIOR TO TESTING

overnight fast (12 – 14 hours, water is permitted)

PROCEDURE

finger prick blood test

Heamoglobin

Hemoglobin serves as a vehicle for oxygen and carbon dioxide transport. The oxygen carrying capacity of the blood is determined by the hemoglobin concentration and it also acts as an important acid-base buffer system. Women tend to have lower values than men, and values tend to decrease with age. Decreased levels indicate anemia. Due to the many factors affecting this test, careful consideration is given around the circumstances at the time of testing.

REQUIREMENTS PRIOR TO TESTING

overnight fast (12 – 14 hours, water is permitted)

PROCEDURE

finger prick blood test

Urinanalysis

Urinalysis can reveal a significant amount of preliminary information about the kidneys and other metabolic processes. pH provides the acid-base balance and reflects the work of the kidney to maintain normal pH homeostasis in the body. Protein is not usually present in urine, and therefore its presence may indicate glomerular membrane injury. Specific gravity is a measure of concentration of particles in the urine, including waste and electrolytes. High specific gravity results may indicate dehydration, and low indicates hydration status. Interpretation is made based on the presence or absence of glycosuria and proteinuria. Leukocytes (white blood cells) are suggestive of a UTI (urinary tract infection). Nitrites also may indicate a UTI. Ketones may be present in the urine in poorly controlled diabetes, hyperglycaemia. Ketones may also be associated with alcoholism, fasting, starvation, high protein diets and isopropanol ingestion. Blood is not supposed to be present and may indicate injury.

REQUIREMENTS PRIOR TO TESTING

specimen must be tested within 1 hour

PROCEDURE

urine

Blood Pressure

Blood pressure is considered a principle vital sign, assessing the pressure exerted by circulation of blood upon the walls of the blood vessels. Both low blood pressure (hypotension) and high blood pressure (hypertension) have many causes, controlled by the nervous and endocrine systems.

REQUIREMENTS PRIOR TO TESTING

none

PROCEDURE

non invasive (sphygomanometer)

Anthropometric Measures

Anthropometric measurements are comparative measures of the body and include weight, height, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference. Findings are compared to reference standards to assess weight status and the risk for various diseases.

REQUIREMENTS PRIOR TO TESTING

none

PROCEDURE

non invasive (scales, tape measure)

 

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